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Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)/IN2P3, France


Website: http://www.cnrs.fr

The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organisation, under the administrative authority of France's Ministry of Research. CNRS's annual budget represents a quarter of French public spending on civilian research. As the largest fundamental research organisation in Europe, CNRS carries out research in all fields of knowledge, via its eight CNRS Institutes : Institute of Chemistry (INC), Institute of Ecology and Environment (INEE), Institute of Physics (INP), Institute of Biological Sciences (INSB), Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (INSHS), Institute for Computer Sciences (INS2I), Institute for Engineering and Systems Sciences (INSIS), Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INSMI) and its two national institutes with national missions, the National Institute of Earth Sciences and Astronomy (INSU) and the National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3). Its own laboratories as well as those it maintains jointly with universities, other research organisations, or industry are located throughout France, but also overseas with international joint laboratories located in several countries. Measured by the amount of human and material resources it commits to scientific research or by the great range of disciplines in which its scientists carry on their work, the CNRS is clearly the hub of research activity in France. It is also an important breeding ground for scientific and technological innovation, and has been one of the most active participants to previous and current European Framework Programmes. Over the past years, the CNRS has acquired an outstanding experience in coordinating FP Projects.

The IN2P3 that will coordinate the Collaborative Project MAX, devotes itself to research in the physics of the infinitely small, from the atomic nucleus down to the elementary particles, and in the physics of the infinitely large, to study the composition and evolution of the Universe. The objectives are to determine matter's most elementary constituents and understand their interactions, and to understand the structure and properties of nuclei. It participates to the four big experiments, which are going to take place at the LHC of the CERN (Atlas, CMS, Alice and LHCb). In the field of data processing, IN2P3 is one of the leaders of the French Grid effort and is deeply involved in the European Computation grid projects aimed at optimum use of powerful, distributed computing facilities.

The two CNRS laboratories involved in the MAX project are IPNO and LPSC.
The ”Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie” (LPSC) is located in Grenoble, and is jointly run by CNRS-IN2P3, Joseph Fourier University (UJF) and Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (Grenoble INP). LPSC performs fundamental research in nuclear and hadronic physics, particle and astroparticle physics and cosmology. Since the late 90’s, the accelerator group has developed and built 3 electrostatic machines to support ADS research: two to be coupled to nuclear reactors (MASURCA at CEA-Cadarache, VENUS-F at SCK•CEN) and one under operation at LPSC for nuclear cross section measurements.
The “Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay” (IPNO), located in Orsay, is jointly run by CNRS-IN2P3 and Paris-Sud University (UPS). IPNO is at the forefront of research on the matter and its ultimate constituents and is known worldwide for its expertise on particle accelerator technologies; it has also been the leading laboratory in the accelerator WP of the EUROTRANS project.

CNRS key persons involved in the MAX project:

Dr Jean-Luc Biarrotte is an Accelerator Physicist of the “Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay”. He graduated from the “Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Grenoble” in 1995, and joined CNRS in 2000 after his PhD at University Paris-Sud. His main activity is the design of high-power linear accelerators for hadron-beam-based nuclear physics. He is the CNRS coordinator for the ADS activities on accelerators within the PACEN programme, and has been deeply involved in the past years in the SPIRAL-2, EURISOL, and EUROTRANS (previously PDS-XADS) projects. In 2009, he was awarded the J-Louis Laclare Prize from SFP (Société Française de Physique).

Dr Maud Baylac is an Accelerator Physicist of the ”Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie” (Grenoble, France). She was awarded her PhD from the University Claude Bernard (Lyon) in 2000 for beam-based Compton polarimetry. She joined the accelerator division of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Virginia (USA) for 4 years to work on polarized photo-injectors. In 2005, she joined CNRS at the Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie in Grenoble, where she manages the accelerator group. Her main activity is to lead the development, construction and operation of the GENEPI-3C accelerator for the GUINEVERE program at SCK•CEN. She also participates in European programs of accelerator R&D.

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